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Table 1 Networking characteristics and requirements of smart city applications

From: Networking architectures and protocols for smart city systems

Smart city application Appropriate Net. Prot. Band- width Delay tolerance Power Consump. Reliabil- ity Security Het. Net. Wired / wireless Mobility
Smart buildings [3] IEEE 802.15.4, IEEE 802.15.1 L, M, H L L, M M, H H H WD/WL M
Smart grid [19] IEEE 802.16, Cellular L, M L, H M, H H H M, H WD/WL L
Gas and oil pipeline monitoring and control [22] IEEE 802.16, Cellular L, M, H L, H L M, H H M WL L
Smart water networks [24] IEEE 802.15.4, IEEE 802.11, IEEE 802.16 L, M L, H L M H M WL L
Intelligent transportation [54] IEEE 802.16, IEEE 802.11, IEEE 802.15.4, Cellular L, M L, H L, M M, H H H WD/WL H
Manufacturing control and monitoring [27] IEEE 802.15.4, IEEE 802.15.1, IEEE 802.11 L, M L, H L, M M M M WD/WL M
Unmanned aerial vehicle [5] IEEE 802.11, IEEE 802.16, Satellite L, M, H L, H L M, H M, H M WD/WL H
  1. IEEE 802.15.1: Bluetooth, IEEE 802.15.4: Zigbee, IEEE 801.11: WiFi, IEEE 802.16: WiMAX, H: High, M: Medium, L: Low. WD: Wired, WL: Wireless